Cunfruntu tra virsioni di "Cumpostu urgànicu"

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n (Juncii n'articulu novu libbiramenti traduciutu di chiddu di l'angrisi sèmprici "(...) simple:Organic compound (...)".)
 
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Nu '''Cumpostu urgànicu''' sunu cumposti di lu [[carboniu]]. Quasi tutti li cumpostu urgànici cuntènunu [[itrocinu]] oltri a lu carboniu. Jautri cunténunu macàri [[ussigginu]].<br>
'''Organic compounds''' are [[chemical compound|compound]]s with [[carbon]]. Almost all organic compounds contain [[hydrogen]] besides carbon. Many contain [[oxygen]] too. They are usually [[covalent compound]]s.
Di solitu sunu cumposti cuvàlenti.<br>
 
== HistoryStoria ==
Lu nomi "urgànicu" avi n'itimuloggìa c'arrisàli a lu XIX sèculu.<br>
The name "[[wikt:organic|organic]]" is a historical name from the [[19th century]].
 
Li pirsuni cririunu ca sulu l'essiri viventi putièunu criàri cumposti urganici e li cosi "[[morti]]" (comu li [[minirali]] 'n gèniri) putièunu ginirari cumposti inurgànici.<br>
People believed that only living things could make organic compounds and "dead" things (such as [[mineral]]s) could make inorganic compounds. However, Friedrich Wöhler proved this wrong because certain compounds in [[urine]] were thought to be inorganic, but urine came from a living thing.
In sècuitu, Friedrich Wöhler pruvau ca chissu era na cridenza falsificabbili picchini cèrti cumposti di l'[[urina]] jèrunu inurgànici mèntri chissa pruvèni di essiri viventi.<br>
 
== KindsTipi ofdi OrganicCumposti Compoundsurgànici ==
Ci sunu diffirènti manèri di mèntiri ordini nta li cumposti urgànici.<br>
TherePònu areèssiri manymacari waysdiscritti tocomu sortgruppi organicfunziunali, compounds.ca Theresunu arestutturi naturalnica ones,di and[[atumu|atumi]] syntheticcunnessi ones.'ntra Theydi caniddi comi li [[mulecula|muleculi]]<!--, alsoca bes'attrovanu describednta withdiffirenti [[functional groups]], which are small patterns of connected atoms, which occur in many different orders in many places. One way of showing the [[molecule]] is by drawing its structural formula. Because molecules can have complicated structures, people have made ways to show them in simple language. The latest way of showing organic compounds is the [[line-angle formula]]. This is based on Carbon atoms; each atom, including carbon atoms, is connected by a line to each atom that it is covalently bonded to. One line means a [[single bond]], two lines means a [[double bond]] and so on.
 
Because there is in an infinite number of possible organic compounds, language is needed to give a unique name to each one. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, or [[IUPAC]], made a system for doing this. Although an IUPAC name makes every single possible molecule unique, the names are often long and complicated, so in everyday life, ''trivial'' names--unofficial but widely understood names--are used, such as the Trivial names Paracetamol, Tylenol, and Acetaminophen, which are used for a compound whose IUPAC name is ''N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetamide''.
 
[[Category:Organic compounds| ]]
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