Cunfruntu tra virsioni di "Cumpostu urgànicu"

38 byte agghiunciuti ,  11 anni fa
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Bot: Aggiungo: bn:জৈব যৌগ; modifiche estetiche
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n (Bot: Aggiungo: bn:জৈব যৌগ; modifiche estetiche)
Nu '''Cumpostu urgànicu''' sunu cumposti di lu [[carboniu]]. Quasi tutti li cumpostu urgànici cuntènunu [[idrògginu]] oltri a lu carboniu. Jautri cunténunu macàri [[ussigginu]].<br />
Di solitu sunu cumposti cuvàlenti.<br />
 
== Storia ==
Lu nomi "urgànicu" avi n'itimuloggìa c'arrisàli a lu XIX sèculu.<br />
 
Li pirsuni cririunu ca sulu l'essiri viventi putièunu criàri cumposti urganici e li cosi "[[morti]]" (comu li [[minirali]] 'n gèniri) putièunu ginirari cumposti inurgànici.<br />
In sècuitu, Friedrich Wöhler pruvau ca chissu era na cridenza falsificabbili picchini cèrti cumposti di l'[[urina]] jèrunu inurgànici mèntri chissa pruvèni di essiri viventi.<br />
 
== Tipi di Cumposti urgànici ==
Ci sunu diffirènti manèri di mèntiri ordini nta li cumposti urgànici.<br />
Pònu èssiri macari discritti comu gruppi funziunali, ca sunu stutturi nica di [[atumu|atumi]] cunnessi 'ntra di iddi comi li [[Mulècula |muleculi]]<!--, ca s'attrovanu nta diffirenti [[functional groups]], which are small patterns of connected atoms, which occur in many different orders in many places. One way of showing the [[molecule]] is by drawing its structural formula. Because molecules can have complicated structures, people have made ways to show them in simple language. The latest way of showing organic compounds is the [[line-angle formula]]. This is based on Carbon atoms; each atom, including carbon atoms, is connected by a line to each atom that it is covalently bonded to. One line means a [[single bond]], two lines means a [[double bond]] and so on.
 
Because there is in an infinite number of possible organic compounds, language is needed to give a unique name to each one. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, or [[IUPAC]], made a system for doing this. Although an IUPAC name makes every single possible molecule unique, the names are often long and complicated, so in everyday life, ''trivial'' names--unofficial but widely understood names--are used, such as the Trivial names Paracetamol, Tylenol, and Acetaminophen, which are used for a compound whose IUPAC name is ''N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetamide''.
[[ar:مركب عضوي]]
[[bg:Органично съединение]]
[[bn:জৈব যৌগ]]
[[ca:Compost orgànic]]
[[cs:Organická sloučenina]]
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