"Vitamina" : Diffirenzi ntrê virsioni

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{| class="wikitable sortable" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto"
|-
! style="width:15%;"|VitaminNomi genericginèrici<br> descriptor namediscrizzioni dê vitamini
! style="width:125px;"|[[Pruvitamini]] (lista nun cumpreta)
! style="width:75px;"|[[Sulubbilitati]]
! class="unsortable" style="width:150px;"|[[Dosi giurnaliera cunsigghiata]]<br>(pô màsculu di 19–70 anni d'etati)<ref name="RDA">[http://iom.edu/en/Global/News%20Announcements/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/Nutrition/DRIs/DRISummaryListing2.ashx Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamins] The National Academies, 2001.</ref>
! class="unsortable" style="width:200px;"| Malatìi di dificienzi
! class="unsortable" style="width:100px;"|UpperMassima Intakedosi Levelcunsigghiata<br> (UL/dayjornu)<ref name="RDA"/>
! class="unsortable" style="width:250px;"| OverdoseMalatìi diseasedi eccessu
|-
! [[VitaminVitamina A]]
| [[RetinolRitinolu]], [[retinalritinali]], ande<br>fourquattru [[carotenoidcarutinòidi]]s <br>includingcumpresu lu [[betaβ carotenecaruteni]]
| Lipusulùbbili
| Fat
| '''900&nbsp;µg'''
| [[Night-blindnessNictalupìa]], [[Hyperkeratosisipirchiratosi]], and [[Keratomalaciacheratumalacia]]<ref name="GOVa">[http://dietary-supplements.info.nih.gov/factsheets/vitamina.asp Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets Vitamin A]</ref>
| 3,.000&nbsp;µg
| [[HypervitaminosisIpirvitaminosi A]]
|-
! [[ThiamineTiamina|VitaminVitamina B<sub>1</sub>]]
| [[ThiamineTiamina]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''1.,2&nbsp;mg'''
| [[Beriberi]], [[sìndrumi di Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome]]
| N/D<ref>N/D= "Amount not determinable due to lack of data of adverse effects. Source of intake should be from food only to prevent high levels of intake"(see [http://www.iom.edu/Object.File/Master/7/296/0.pdf Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamins]).</ref>
| DrowsinessNturpidimentu ormasculari, musclerilassamentu relaxationa withàvuti large doses.dosi<ref>{{cite web |title = Thiamin, vitamin B1: MedlinePlus Supplements| url = http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/patient-thiamin.html|accessdate = 5 October 2009}}</ref>
|-
! [[RiboflavinRibuflavina|VitaminVitamina B<sub>2</sub>]]
| [[RiboflavinRibuflavina]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''1.,3&nbsp;mg'''
| [[AriboflavinosisAribuflavinosi]]
| N/D
|
|-
! [[NiacinNiacina|VitaminVitamina B<sub>3</sub>]]
| [[NiacinNiacina]], [[niacinamidenicutinamidi]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''16.,0&nbsp;mg'''
| [[PellagraPiddagra]]
| 35.,0&nbsp;mg
| Dannu ô [[Liverfìcutu]] damage (dosesn dosi > 2g2 g/dayjornu)<ref>{{cite book|editor=Hardman, J.G. ''et al.''|title=Goodman and Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics|edition=10th|page=992}}</ref> ande [[Niacin#Toxicity|otheràutri problems]]prubblemi.
|-
! [[PantothenicÀcitu acidpantutènicu|VitaminVitamina B<sub>5</sub>]]
| [[PantothenicÀcitu acidpantutènicu]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| 5.,0&nbsp;mg<ref>Plain type indicates Adequate Intakes (A/I). "The AI is believed to cover the needs of all individuals, but a lack of data prevent being able to specify with confidence the percentage of individuals covered by this intake" (see [http://www.iom.edu/Object.File/Master/7/296/0.pdf Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamins]).</ref>
| [[ParesthesiaParistisìa]]
| N/D
| Diarrhea;[[Diarrìa]], possiblypussìbbili nausea[[nàusia]] ande heartburn[[pirosi]].<ref>{{cite web |title = Pantothenic acid, dexpanthenol: MedlinePlus Supplements|url = http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/patient-vitaminb5.html|accessdate = 5 October 2009|publisher=MedlinePlus}}</ref>
|-
! [[VitaminVitamina B6|VitaminVitamina B<sub>6</sub>]]
| [[PyridoxinePiridussina]], [[pyridoxaminepiridussamina]], [[pyridoxalpiridussali]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''1.,3–1.,7&nbsp;mg'''
| [[AnemiaAnimìa]]<ref name="GOVb6">[http://dietary-supplements.info.nih.gov/factsheets/vitaminb6.asp Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets Vitamin B<sub>6</sub>]</ref>, [[peripheralniurupatìi neuropathy]]pirifèrichi.
| 100&nbsp;mg
| ImpairmentDisfunzioni of [[proprioceptionpropriucizzioni]], nervedanni damageê nervi (dosesn dosi > 100 &nbsp;mg/dayjornu)
|-
! [[BiotinBiutina|VitaminVitamina B<sub>7</sub>]]
| [[BiotinBiutina]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| 30.,0&nbsp;µg
| [[DermatitisDirmatìti]], [[enteritisenteriti]]
| N/D
|
|-
! [[FolicÀcitu acidfòlicu|VitaminVitamina B<sub>9</sub>]]
| [[FolicÀcitu acidfòlicu]], [[folinicàcitu acidfulinicu]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''400&nbsp;µg'''
| style="text-align:left;"| [[MegaloblastMegalublastosi]], anddificienzi Deficiencyduranti duringla pregnancy[[prinnizza]] isassuciati associatedcu withdifetti cungèniti comu chiddi lijati a prubblemi nâ chiusura dô [[birthtubbu defectsniurali]], suchp'asempiu asla [[neuralspina tubebìfida]] defectse la [[labiupalatuschisi]].
| 1,.000&nbsp;µg
| Poti ammucciari li sìntumi dâ dicicienza di vitamina B<sub>12</sub>, àutri effetti.
| May mask symptoms of vitamin B<sub>12</sub> deficiency; [[Folic acid#Overdose Risks|other effects]].
|-
! [[VitaminVitamina B12|VitaminVitamina B<sub>12</sub>]]
| [[CyanocobalaminCianucobalamina]], [[hydroxycobalaminidrossicubalamina]], [[methylcobalaminmitilcubalamina]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''2.,4&nbsp;µg'''
| [[Megaloblastic anemiaMegalublastosi]]<ref name="GOVb12">[http://dietary-supplements.info.nih.gov/factsheets/vitaminb12.asp Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets Vitamin B<sub>12</sub>]</ref>
| N/D
| ''Rash'' cutàniu simili a l'[[acni]] (puru siddu la causalitati nun eni stata difinitivamenti pruvata)
| Acne-like rash [causality is not conclusively established].
|-
! [[VitaminVitamina C]]
| [[AscorbicÀcitu acidascòrbicu]]
| Idrusulùbbili
| Water
| '''90.,0&nbsp;mg'''
| [[ScurvyScurbutu]]
| 2,.000&nbsp;mg
| [[VitaminIpirvitaminosi C megadosage]]
|-
! style="whitespace:nowrap;"|[[VitaminVitamina D]]
| [[Ergocalcifirolu|Ergocalcifirolu (vitamina D<sub>2</sub>)]], [[culicalcifirolu|culicalcifirolu (vitamina D<sub>3</sub>)]]
| [[Ergocalciferol]], [[cholecalciferol]]
| Lipusulùbbili
| Fat
| 5.,0&nbsp;µg–10&nbsp;µg<ref>Value represents suggested intake without adequate sunlight exposure (see [http://www.iom.edu/Object.File/Master/7/296/0.pdf Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamins]).</ref>
| [[RicketsRachitismu]] ande [[Osteomalaciaosteumalacìa]]
| 50&nbsp;µg
| [[HypervitaminosisIpirvitaminosi D]]
|-
! [[VitaminVitamina E]]
| [[TocopherolTocufirolu]]s, [[tocotrienoltocutrienolu]]s
| Lipusulùbbili
| Fat
| '''15.,0&nbsp;mg'''
|align="left"| DeficiencyLa isdificienza veryeni rareveru rara; milddèbbuli [[hemolytic anemiaanimìa]] inemulìtica newborn infantsnunnati.<ref name="Merck">[http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec12/ch154/ch154a.html The Merck Manual: Nutritional Disorders: Vitamin Introduction] Please select specific vitamins from the list at the top of the page.</ref>
| 1,.000&nbsp;mg
| IncreasedNcrimintata congestive[[nsufficienza heart failure seen in one large randomized study.cardìaca]]<ref>{{cite news| url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0ISW/is_262/ai_n13675725|work=Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients|title=Does vitamin E cause congestive heart failure?|first=Alan R.|last=Gaby|year=2005}}</ref>
|-
! [[VitaminVitamina K]]
| [[phylloquinoneFilluchinoni]], [[menaquinoneMinachinoni]]s
| Lipusulùbbili
| Fat
| 120&nbsp;µg
| [[Diatesi]] emurràggica
| [[Bleeding diathesis]]
| N/D
| IncreasesNcrementu coagulation in[[cuagulazzioni]] n patientspacienti takingc'assùminu [[warfarinwarfarina]].<ref>{{cite journal |author=Rohde LE, de Assis MC, Rabelo ER |title=Dietary vitamin K intake and anticoagulation in elderly patients |journal=Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care |volume=10 |issue=1 |pages=1–5 |year=2007|pmid=17143047 |doi=10.1097/MCO.0b013e328011c46c}}</ref>
|}
 
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